Pharmacy is a vast industry that constitutes a significant number of the medicines consumed by people throughout the world. It includes all types of industries related to the manufacture, preparation, distribution, preparation, supply and retailing of medicine. It is charged with the exclusive discovery, development, production, disposition, safety and security of medicines and drugs and is accountable for the accidental injury, poisoning or death of any person because of its negligence. Pharmacy involves huge investments and requires immense skills and knowledge in order to cater to the needs and demands of the customers.
Community Pharmacy: A community pharmacy is a small pharmacy that is managed by the pharmacist through a contract arrangement with a hospital or other approved service provider. This type of pharmacy may be located in a school compound, at a local mall, in a housing complex or at any place where there is a common problem or incidence of drug abuse. These pharmacies are also called on site pharmacies or hospital pharmacies. In the United States, community pharmacies provide pharmacy services for low income families and individuals.
Home Care Pharmacy: Home care or general pharmaceuticals is a branch of pharmacy that caters to the requirements of individuals who are unable to deliver their prescriptions at the premises of the pharmacies. They receive medication under medical supervision and can have a variety of services rendered by pharmacists. The scope of work of home care or general pharmaceuticals is extensive. These pharmacies provide nursing care, adult day care, dialysis services and other home care assistance.
Hospital Pharmacy: A hospital pharmacy is a specialized type of home care pharmacy. It mainly deals with generic and brand-name drugs, surgical supplies, blood product products and hospital equipment. Most of the time, home care pharmacists do not possess the professional experience and understanding of the products and procedures prescribed by hospital pharmacists. Home care pharmacists can either operate on an outpatient basis or they can treat patients coming in to the hospital. For a home care pharmacy to become a hospital pharmacy, it must be licensed by the Texas board of pharmacy.
Clinical Pharmacy: A clinical pharmacy refers to any pharmacy other than the above-mentioned seven that offer medications for eye, nose and throat, diabetes and cancer. A pharmacist may work as a provider of services in a health care organization, outpatient facility or at a hospital. Clients coming in to a clinical pharmacy need specific tests or treatments that require the assistance of a pharmacist.
Consulting Pharmacy: Consulting or dispensing prescription drugs is another job that pharmacists do. A consulting pharmacy involves a pharmacist providing guidance to physicians about prescription drugs. Consulting is sometimes referred to as educational consultation. In most states, consulting pharmacists have to get a license before they can practice.